Digital single-lens reflex (DSLR) cameras are some of the most reliable and consistent shooters out there. Because DSLRs tend to have the largest image sensors, they enable you to capture photos of the best quality, especially in low light. Plus, you'll be able to produce beautiful large prints. In other words, what you see through the optical viewfinder is what you'll get.
Our top DSLR is the $496 Nikon D3400, as it offers great image quality and approachability for those on a budget or those looking to invest in their first DSLR.
For photographers who want to step up, we recommend the Nikon D5500. However, you also might want to consider its successor, the Nikon D5600, which has Wi-Fi and Bluetooth, making it easier to transfer photos from the camera. We've also picked alternatives for each price bracket, since many of you may already own several lenses for either Canon or Nikon.
Recently, Nikon released the D7500, a spiritual successor to the old Nikon D90 that should offer enthusiast photographers the ability to shoot stunning stills and videos with the same camera for less than $1,500. The D7500 uses the same Expeed 5 image processor as some of Nikon's more expensive full-frame cameras such as the D500, while also including continuous shooting at up to 8 fps, 4K video capture at 30 fps, and a handy 3.2-inch tilting rear LCD display.
Advantages that DSLRs have over other cameras generally include a fast autofocus, larger sensors (which lets you make larger prints), and a much wider selection of lenses, flashes and other accessories. As such an established technology, DSLRs can provide entry-level models that are generally cheaper than equivalent mirrorless or bridge-camera options.
Keep in mind that DSLRs — and their lenses — are typically larger than most other cameras, which makes them less convenient for those who want to travel light. Also, many DSLRs are not as good as mirrorless cameras when it comes to video, as they lack autofocus in this mode, or, if they do have it, the noise from the lenses can drown out any audio. That said, there are some DSLRs that excel at shooting video, too.
With a few exceptions, all DSLR cameras come with a one-year warranty, though you can usually purchase additional coverage from the manufacturer.
If you're thinking about buying a new camera, the best times to buy are at the beginning and end of the year in January and December, and in the spring as new models hit the market, according to our sister site ShopSavvy. For more deals and advice on purchase timing, check out ShopSavvy's camera section.
With that in mind, here are our favorite DSLRs.
Alternative: Canon EOS Rebel T5
Although it has a more limited ISO range than the Nikon D3400, the 18-megapixel APS-C sensor in the Rebel T5 takes great photos for the money. Newbies will also like the easy-to-use controls and the ability to capture 1080p/30fps video, though autofocus could be faster.
Alternative: Canon EOS Rebel T6s
Canon's new Rebel T6s offers a speedy hybrid autofocus system that makes capturing moving subjects easy, whether it's shooting stills or videos. It takes gorgeous pictures with its 24.2-MP sensor and kit lens, and can record video at 1080p/30 fps. A flip-out tilting LCD helps when shooting from awkward angles.
Alternative: Nikon D7200
Advanced amateur photographers already invested in Nikon lenses will find the D7200 much to their liking. Its magnesium alloy frame is weather-sealed against rain and dust, and it has a microphone jack, for those who want better sound when recording video at up to 1080p/60 fps.
Alternative: Sony Alpha 77 M2
While its video autofocus still trails the superb Canon EOS 80D, the Sony Alpha 77 M2 was able to track fast-moving subjects. It can also shoot 12 frames per second for up to 5 seconds, and has a record-setting 79 focus points.
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