Now that we're in the thick of winter, it's more than past the time to install one of the best water leak detectors, which can alert you to one of the most potentially costly problems in your home.
In colder months, pipes — especially those in uninsulated areas — are prone to freezing; if there's water in the pipe, it could expand and rupture, causing water to spray into your house and resulting in thousands of dollars in damage. A smart water leak detector will let you know if you have a burst pipe or water heater by sending a notification to your phone. Some can even shut your water off, helping mitigate what a potential disaster.
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What are the best water leak detectors?
There are two types of water leak detectors: The first, and less expensive version, costs around $50, and can alert you if it senses a leak; some even include an alarm. However, it's up to you to actually turn the water off.
The second type of water leak detector is much more expensive, costing upwards of $400 (plus professional installation), but has an added benefit: If it senses a leak, it can automatically shut off your water — which is helpful if you're far from home.
If you're simply looking for something that can let you know if there's a leak, then the best water leak detector is the Flo by Moen Water Leak Detector. It only costs about $50, and has two sensors as well as an alarm that sounds if water is detected.
Plus, it can be linked to the best water leak detector that can also shut off your water: The Flo by Moen. This device is installed along your main water line, and has a flow rate sensor to determine your water pressure inside your house. Algorithms in the Flo can detect leaks based on the amount the pressure drops, and can automatically turn off the water in the event of a major leak.
However, the Flo's algorithms can also sense things such as a running toilet or a dripping faucet, so you can find out if you're wasting water — and money elsewhere. In addition, you can get a certificate from Flo to give to your insurance company, which can help to lower your premiums. And, if you subscribe to Flo's subscription service ($5/month), you get live monitoring and up to $5,000 in the event of water damage due to a ruptured pipe or water heater.
The best water leak detectors you can buy today
If you're not ready to commit to a water-shutoff system, the Flo by Moen Smart Water Detector is a good place to start. This $49 device senses leaks, temperature, and humidity, and can emit an 85-decibel alarm when it detects water. It also connects to the Flo by Moen app, where you can link it with Alexa, Google Assistant, and other smart home systems.
This device comes with the main unit as well as a four-foot cable, so you can mount it on the wall, and not worry about it getting washed away if you get a flood. And, when you want to step up to a system that can also shut off your water, you can link it to the Flo by Moen shutoff valve.
The Flo by Moen monitors your water flow and can automatically shut off your water if it detects a major leak. In addition, the Flo checks your water pressure and temperature, and its app shows you how much water you're using per day. It also tells you what's using water, and it runs daily tests to determine if there's a water leak.
All users now get an Insurance Verification Letter, as well as the ability to see your water usage by fixture. If you opt for the FloProtect service ($5/month), you can get monitoring and live-chat support. FloProtect will also cover the cost of your deductible (up to $5,000) if there's water damage. The company also increased the length of its warranty to three years.
Customers can purchase an optional battery backup ($249), which will provide up to three days of protection if power gets shut off.
Many pipes will burst when the water trapped inside them freezes and expands. That's why, in addition to water leaks, this Resideo (a division of Honeywell) sensor can also detect temperature changes and humidity, and send you an alert when things get too cold. The Lyric sensor runs on two AA batteries, which are rated to last up to three years. It includes a 4-foot cable, the entire length of which can detect leaks.
When the sensor detects a leak, it sends an alert to your phone and emits a 100-dB alarm. It also connects directly to your Wi-Fi — no hub needed. Resideo's products also work with a wide range of smart-home systems.
Not only can the Phyn Plus Smart Water Assistant alert you if there's a leak, but it can also automatically shut off the water coming into your home, which is why it's the best water leak detector with a shutoff valve. This second-generation Phyn Plus is 25% smaller than the original model, so it should be easier to fit into tighter spaces. It's also about $200 less expensive, too.
Phyn's super-smart water assistant has a series of blue LEDs along one edge that give the illusion of flowing water. Inside the device is a water-flow sensor, as well as some interesting algorithms that can detect leaks throughout your house based on water pressure. It can even tell the difference between a toilet flushing and a drip from a faucet, and give you insights into how much water you're using. So, you don't need to install remote sensors throughout your house.
The Phyn Plus can be installed indoors or outdoors, and works with Alexa, Google Assistant and IFTTT. Unlike the Flo by Moen, there are no additional subscription fees. However, it has to be plugged in to work, and there's no battery backup.
For those whom the Phyn Plus Smart Water Assistant + Shutoff valve is too expensive, the Phyn Smart Water Assistant could be the answer. This device, which costs less than half the price, does everything the Phyn Plus does, except for having an automatic shutoff valve.
Like the Phyn Plus, the Phyn senses the water pressure in your home, can detect when there's a drop in pressure and using algorithms, can let you know if it's being caused by a burst pipe or just a leaky toilet. Because it doesn't include a shutoff valve, the Phyn can be easily installed by a homeowner, under any sink. The one caveat is that you'll also need a power source nearby. But, the Phyn could save you money over the long haul, even if you don't have a major catastrophe.
The Flume 2 Smart Home Water Monitor & Water Leak Detector straps around your water line — no plumber necessary — and connects to a Wi-Fi bridge to tell you based on the water flow and pressure if there's a leak somewhere in your home.
More than that, the Flume 2 can also analyze your water usage, and, if you subscribe to Flume Insight ($49.99/year), can give you more granular data on specific appliances and faucets, and help you create daily and weekly budgets for water consumption. It can also provide indoor vs. outdoor water use, let you set up custom alerts, and gives you 15% off leak repair services from Angi.
Unlike other water shutoff valves, which require a plumber to install, the Guardian Leak Protection Kit sits on your water line and turns the shutoff handle already on your line. That means you don't need to call in a plumber to cut your water line and install it. It's compatible with quarter-turn metal ball valves from 0.5 to 1 inches in size.
The Guardian comes with three wireless water sensors, which you place in the areas that are most likely to leak, such as under your sink or by your water heater (they have a 1,000-foot range). Additional sensors are $49 each. It also performs periodic tests to ensure the device is in working order, and an optional battery backup ($29) will keep it running for 12 hours if your power goes out. Unlike the Flo and Phyn devices, though, it doesn't monitor water usage, and it doesn't work with any other smart-home systems.
Leaksmart makes several smart water shut off valves. Its least expensive is the cut-in water valve detection kit. However, it requires a plumber to install, which negates the cost savings. The Leaksmart connects wirelessly to remote water detectors (one is included with the kit; additional sensors cost $69).
The Leaksmart valve connects via Zigbee to a Leaksmart Hub (included in the starter kit), which allows you to monitor and control the valve remotely from your smartphone. Leaksmart's third-generation hub also integrates with Google Nest, Wink, Google Assistant, Amazon Alexa, Control 4 and SmartThings.
While you can purchase the Leaksmart through online retailers, the company recommends you purchase it through a licensed plumber. Leaksmart also makes a Snap-on Valve Controller, which doesn't require you to cut into your water pipe. However, it's only available as a kit for $795.
What to look for when buying a water leak detector
Water leak detectors fall generally into two categories: those which can shut off your water, and those that can’t. The latter are generally inexpensive — less than $100 — and will send an alert to your smartphone when they sense water. However, it's then up to you to turn off your water, which can be a problem if you're not at home. Those that have shutoff controls typically cost upward of $400 and require a plumber to install, but could be worth the investment, as they'll not only help reduce catastrophic damage, but can also help lower your monthly insurance bill.
Regardless of the type of water leak detector you purchase, here are a few things you need to consider before you buy.
Do you want something that can shut off your water?
While all water leak detectors will (or should) alert you when there's a water leak, only some will also take the next step of shutting off your main water supply, to limit the amount of water that leaks out. These models, though, often cost more than $400, and must be professionally installed, unless you're really handy with plumbing. However, some insurance companies will lower your deductible if you have one installed, which can defray the cost over time.
Do you want to monitor your water usage?
Because of climate change, some areas of the country are experiencing water shortages, and are seeing their water rates go up as well. If you want to be more conscious of how you're using your water — or simply want your bill to go down — some water leak detectors can tell you which of your appliances and faucets account for the most water use.
Battery or plug-in?
Some water leak detectors run on batteries, while others need to be plugged in; the former type makes it easier for the detectors to fit into locations that are far from an outlet, but their batteries will need to be replaced every year or so.
Do you want a built-in alarm?
A detector with a built-in alarm will sound a siren, so that you can hear where the leak is coming from, without needing your smartphone.
While not a necessity, if a water leak detector works with other smart- home systems, such as Alexa or Google Home, you can program a routine to have a light flash in your house when there's a water leak, or increase the temperature if there's a risk of water lines freezing.