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Macmillan, Penguin Finally Respond to DoJ eBook Lawsuit

Macmillan and Penguin have officially denied any wrongdoings in the recent eBook price fixing fiasco surrounding the original Apple iPad. The two book publishers have filed their separate responses to a lawsuit submitted by the Department of Justice back in April which claim they conspired with Apple to raise the price of eBooks just before the launch of the popular tablet.

"Macmillan did not participate in any illegal conspiracy," Macmillan’s filing states (pdf). "The lack of direct evidence of conspiracy cited in the Government’s Complaint is telling…[it is] necessarily based entirely on the little circumstantial evidence it was able to locate during its extensive investigation, on which it piles innuendo on top of innuendo, stretches facts and implies actions that did not occur and which Macmillan denies unequivocally."

The company also states that Apple proposed Agency terms on a "take it or leave it" basis. Unlike the wholesale model which allows retailers to set their own prices, the Agency model sees publishers setting their own pricing, forcing retailers to follow. Macmillan claims the decision to move to the Agency model -- to accept Apple's "take it or leave it" proposal -- was made by CEO John Sargent alone.

Penguin offered a longer response, claiming that the company began to consider the agency model on a serious note when Apple proposed it as a method of doing business for the then-proposed iBookstore. Penguin said it actually offered the wholesale/retail distribution agreement to Apple on January 4, 2010. But the iPad company rejected the proposal, and offered up the Agency model as a "take it or leave it" scenario instead.

"[Penguin] admits that it believed that Apple could not have a successful iBookstore without the participation of and supply of books from other publishers, because if the iBookstore’s inventory was limited to only a small percentage of available eBooks, the iBookstore would almost certainly fail," reads Penguin's response (pdf). "Penguin sought assurances from Apple that Apple could deliver the breadth of participation Penguin felt was necessary for a successful eBook store."

As with the reply submitted by Macmillan, Penguin claims that many publisher conversations cited by the Department of Justice suit had nothing to do with the Agency model. Instead, those conversations related to participation in the U.S. and UK eBook joint ventures aNobii and Bookish. However the publisher defends the Agency model, claiming that it doesn't eliminate price competition. The company even notes that the iPad changed the eBook sector by supporting an enhanced format.

"There is more dynamic pricing of eBooks, which has resulted in lower consumer prices on many, many eBook titles, more robust competition at the device level in terms of both the cost and variety of eReading devices, handsome and imaginative enhanced, full-color eBooks, which did not even exist as a category before Apple introduced the iPad, and more vibrant and differentiated marketing of eBooks by Penguin’s agents, all to the benefit of consumers," the filing reads.

Macmillan and Penguin are the only two publishers that have chosen to fight the DoJ's price-fixing lawsuit -- all others have settled out of court. Apple has naturally chosen to fight as well, and was the first to respond to the lawsuit, calling it fundamentally flawed.

"Apple's entry into e-book distribution is classic pro-competitive conduct [that created competition where none existed]," Apple said in its court papers. "For Apple to be subject to hindsight legal attack for a business strategy well-recognized as perfectly proper sends the wrong message to the market. The government's complaint against Apple is fundamentally flawed as a matter of fact and law."

  • SmileyTPB1
    It's very sad that Steve Jobs died so young and that we lost such a visionary in the tech world. But now in hindsight we really get a feel for his controlling, destructive, evil side. He really had a "One Ring to Rule Them All" mentality. Maybe Apple is better off without him.
    Reply
  • g00fysmiley
    so again they are assuring us that paying more for ebooks than a actual physical paperback that they have to print and ship makes the product better... how dumb do they think we are. I hope the DoJ crucifies them and apple while they are at it
    Reply
  • xerroz
    Here's hoping the DoJ doesn't back down. Apple and these publishes need to be smacked down...especially Apple. Price fixing - which is clearly what they've done no matter what they say- is illegal and these companies need to be punished with the FULL extent of the LAW.
    Reply
  • Eh? Clearly what they have done? They simply too what they did with the app store and expanded it to the ibooks store. Are you saying I can't sell what I write for what I want? That's what Apple let's them do. Fact is Amazon had the one ring rules them all until Apple stepped in.now we have competition and you want to crush it.

    and show me what books have cost you more! everyone screams this but has no hard numbers to back it up!

    With the release of the iBooks publishing kit they have made it easy and cost effective for writers to publish and now you want to kill it? How stupid are you?
    Reply
  • v3nom777
    SolamarEh? Clearly what they have done? They simply too what they did with the app store and expanded it to the ibooks store. Are you saying I can't sell what I write for what I want? That's what Apple let's them do. Fact is Amazon had the one ring rules them all until Apple stepped in.now we have competition and you want to crush it.and show me what books have cost you more! everyone screams this but has no hard numbers to back it up!With the release of the iBooks publishing kit they have made it easy and cost effective for writers to publish and now you want to kill it? How stupid are you?

    I can get "A Game of Thrones" ebook for $12.99 on itunes, or I can get the paperback for $7 bucks, brand new on Amazon.

    But Thats not more expensive?
    Reply
  • ericburnby
    v3nom777I can get "A Game of Thrones" ebook for $12.99 on itunes, or I can get the paperback for $7 bucks, brand new on Amazon.But Thats not more expensive?I checked out amazon. A Game Of Thrones is $7.19 paperback and $10.36 for Kindle.

    So let me get this straight: Amazon is selling a title you want for LESS than iTunes, and you say Apple is being anti-competitive by forcing prices higher? Seems to me you have a choice to buy Amazon and get a lower price.

    Amazon is also selling an e-book (your example, Game of Thrones) for MORE than a paper version, and people say Apple is being ridiculous for doing the same thing?
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  • v3nom777
    ericburnbyI checked out amazon. A Game Of Thrones is $7.19 paperback and $10.36 for Kindle.So let me get this straight: Amazon is selling a title you want for LESS than iTunes, and you say Apple is being anti-competitive by forcing prices higher? Seems to me you have a choice to buy Amazon and get a lower price.Amazon is also selling an e-book (your example, Game of Thrones) for MORE than a paper version, and people say Apple is being ridiculous for doing the same thing?
    I'm saying that the price for ebooks should be lower sir. I don't care about Apple or Amazon. There is little to no overhead for ebooks, so they should be cheaper. I used examples that I could find.
    Reply
  • alidan
    xerrozHere's hoping the DoJ doesn't back down. Apple and these publishes need to be smacked down...especially Apple. Price fixing - which is clearly what they've done no matter what they say- is illegal and these companies need to be punished with the FULL extent of the LAW.
    i can argue for price fixing, just not in the case of books.

    lets go tvs, where they have been accused of it.
    it would cut so far into the margins that making a tv wouldn't be viable anymore, and at some point would result in a monopoly.

    i agree that 1080P+ monitors cost to much, but look at the 1080p line up now... look how cheap they are.
    Reply
  • Vladislaus
    ericburnbyI checked out amazon. A Game Of Thrones is $7.19 paperback and $10.36 for Kindle.So let me get this straight: Amazon is selling a title you want for LESS than iTunes, and you say Apple is being anti-competitive by forcing prices higher? Seems to me you have a choice to buy Amazon and get a lower price.Amazon is also selling an e-book (your example, Game of Thrones) for MORE than a paper version, and people say Apple is being ridiculous for doing the same thing?This is the point of DoJ lawsuit. The DoJ is saying Apple and book publishers conspired to bring the ebook prices up. Not just in iTunes but to every etailer. This is why the ebook costs more than the paperback on amazon. Before the launch of the iPad ebooks were cheaper.
    Reply
  • ubercake
    VladislausThis is the point of DoJ lawsuit. The DoJ is saying Apple and book publishers conspired to bring the ebook prices up. Not just in iTunes but to every etailer. This is why the ebook costs more than the paperback on amazon. Before the launch of the iPad ebooks were cheaper.Totally true. This is the problem.

    Hopefully they'll come down on these beyotches like they did with the RAM companies when they were keeping prices artificially high. Since then, RAM has become cheaper than books on iTunes!
    Reply