If squirrels have taken over your backyard, it might be time to learn how to get rid of squirrels. These creatures are no-doubt adorable, but if you’ve got an abundance of them wreaking havoc in your garden, cute can soon turn into a nuisance. Squirrels are very resourceful and can cause a lot of damage as they survive. They can make a feast of your flowers and vegetables, and find shelter in your attic, causing expensive repairs. Trouble is, they’re so quick and agile that they’re difficult to catch and all the harder to vacate.
The good news is that you’re by no means stuck with your squirrel-quandary. There are plenty of methods you can use to deter them from your property, some of which won't cost a cent. If you’re keen to learn more, we’ve pulled together 11 such squirrel-proofing techniques, so you can make your home a little less inviting to these cute, and yet frustrating guests. Here’s how to get rid of squirrels without hurting them.
How to get rid of squirrels
Before we start, you should always refer to your local state laws in relation to dealing with squirrels. You may require a permit to use traps, and there may be restrictions on using toxic chemicals. None of the following methods use such chemicals.
1. Don’t feed them — First of all, as cute and fluffy as they are, don’t start feeding the squirrels. This will only encourage them to return to your home. Also, look out for any food sources around your yard which may be unintentionally feeding them, such as pet food bowls, bird feeders, or unsecure bins. Keep all sources of food sealed and out of reach.
Bird feeders can attract no end of pigeons too. If you'd rather keep these birds at bay, here's 7 ways to get rid of pigeons in your yard.
2. Make your home inaccessible — If squirrels are finding their way onto your property, take the time to consider how they’re getting up there. If you have an overhanging tree placed nearby, that may well be what they’re using. You can fashion and fit a baffle around the trunk to prevent the squirrel from climbing — you would likely have to make one yourself however, as such designs seem limited online. Alternatively, you can remove the branches that provide access to your home. Bear in mind that squirrels can jump up to 7 feet from tree-to-tree, so a baffle alone may not be enough if there’s other trees nearby. As a last resort, you could also remove the tree.
3. Secure the bird feeder — Your bird feeder counts as a source of food, and if it’s more often attracting squirrels rather than birds, that defeats the purpose. Make your bird feeder inaccessible to squirrels — there’s a couple of ways you can do this. You can use a baffle, such as this 3 Pieces Squirrel Baffle Metal Spring Device ($14.99, Amazon), or you can just swap out your feeder for a squirrel-proof design, such as this Perky-Pet Squirrel-Be-Gone Bird Feeder ($24.97, Amazon). You can also apply chilli to the seeds — birds love the flavor while squirrels will steer clear. Cole's Flaming Squirrel Seed Sauce ($21.21, Amazon) is a popular brand for this.
4. Apply odors — Another way to deter squirrels is through their noses. Certain smells will repel squirrels, especially the smell of a natural predator. You can buy the urine of predators from local garden centers and home department stores, and it’s even widely available online, such as this Predator Pee 100% Fox Urine ($33.63, Amazon). All you then need to do is ‘mark the territory’ around the property, exactly how the animal would. Just remember to reapply regularly.
5. Let the dog out — If you’ve always wanted a dog, this is a good excuse to get one. Dogs are natural predators to squirrels and love to chase them around. So, if you have a dog frequenting your yard, squirrels are far less likely to visit.
6. Apply repellents — If you don’t like the smell of the urine or the idea of applying it, you can of course opt for a proprietary squirrel repellent instead, such as the Bonide Repels-All Animal Repellent ($13.77, Amazon). You can get these in both spray and pellet form, and they often contain remnants of chilli or mint to put off squirrels. In some cases you can even apply this to your soil and bulbs for extra protection — check your manufacturer's instructions for guidance.
7. Protect your plants — Your plants will likely be another food source for the squirrels — in fact, your entire garden will provide a smorgasbord of options. Squirrels will eat anything, from fruit and veggies to nuts and seeds and bulbs, so your plants will need some protection. You can invest in a greenhouse for the most precious of plants, but it needs to have a solid, sealed design which the squirrels can’t penetrate. You can alternatively place netting or fencing around your plants.
8. Be selective with your plants — There are some plants squirrels love, and some they hate, so depending on which you choose can start or stop a squirrel infestation. To keep squirrels away, plant daffodils and peppermint. The bulb of the former is toxic to squirrels and they hate the smell of the latter, so they will steer clear of both. Squirrels are also repelled by the aroma of alliums, catnip and hyacinths. Avoid tulips though; these are a favorite on the menu.
9. Motion detectors — Devices are available which will emit an ultrasonic sound to deter squirrels. These can be placed both around the yard and in the home — they feature motion sensors, so will only activate when movement is detected. These are widely available in home department stores and online, such as this Virine Mice Repellent Plug-in ($46.72, Amazon).
Alternatively, you can also use motion sensors connected to sprinklers, to douse the squirrels when detected, such as this Havahart Critter Ridder Motion Activated Animal Repellent and Sprinkler ($48.80, Amazon).
10. Keep your yard maintained — While you may have sealed away all obvious food sources, squirrels will still be attracted to an unkempt lawn. These provide plenty of hiding spaces. Not to mention there will be food sources hidden by the grass itself. Take the time to tidy up your yard and rake the grass to remove all potential berries and nuts — here’s how to rake leaves the easy way for guidance. If you have a fruit tree, make sure any fallen fruit is collected as soon as possible as well.
11. Trap and relocate the squirrel — Lastly, if one squirrel is causing an ongoing problem, you can, of course, use a live trap. Although, as mentioned earlier, you should check your local state laws to see if you require a permit to do this. Place the trap in an area where the squirrel frequents and check it at least twice a day. Once you’ve caught the squirrel, move it at least 10 miles from your home before releasing it, so it can’t find its way back. You could use the Havahart Small 2-Door Humane Catch and Release Live Animal Trap ($29.98, Amazon) for this.
If all else fails, and your squirrel problem is persistent, it’s time to call in a professional. You should also be sure to get any damage to your home repaired and sealed as soon as possible, to prevent any other squirrels from taking up residence.
Are you dealing with unwelcome guests in your backyard too? Here's How to get rid of chipmunks safely and humanely. You might also want to check out how to get rid of fruit flies quickly if you find any at home and how to get rid of mice.