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Xbox One Adjusts Itself to Prevent Overheating

Xbox General Manager of Console Development Leo del Castillo recently told Gizmodo in an interview that the Xbox One can tell when it's overheating and will make adjustments on the fly. This was revealed when the site asked how the team compensated for the console's book-like new design and the potential for owners to set an object on top of it. Consumers weren't faced with this potential stacking problem with the SNES and Nintendo 64.

He responded saying that although Microsoft can't prevent misuse of the Xbox One, the team can anticipate it by having the console monitor its temperature and cool itself down in several ways. First, the Xbox One will ramp down its power usage so that it's running on next to no power when the total thermal conditions are high. While this will reduce hardware damage, the price will likely come in performance.

MORE: PS4 vs. Xbox One: Console Comparison

"We can dial back the power of the box considerably," he said. "We had a little less flexibility with the 360. And so basically, if we couldn’t dissipate the heat, there wasn’t a whole lot of leverage we could pull to keep the heat from being generated, so we had a limited amount of time before it just shut down. Xbox One can actually dial it back to a lower power state, so low in fact that it can in a mode that uses virtually no air flow."

If the thermal problem continues, the console will try to lower the temperature by cranking the fan up to maximum. "We don’t actually intend it to ever have to go to maximum speed under normal environmental conditions," he added. "But there is overhead. So we’ll allow the fan to go all the way up to its maximum speed and if that solves the condition without the user having to do anything."

How Xbox One owners will see that it has entered a lower power state due to overheating is unclear at this point: will it be visually detectable in games, in applications, or will the console throw a warning up on the screen? Eventually Microsoft customers will be made aware of the problem once they hear the fan kick into high gear.

"I don’t know the exact details of how it’ll show up to the user," del Castillo explained. "But we try to be as transparent to the user as possible. We’ll allow the fan to go all the way up to maximum speed. They might notice the extra noise, and that will help to self-correct the condition."

He admitted that if the power reduction and the fan noise doesn't push the user to remove the hot pizza box off the console, it will likely throw up a warning on-screen telling them of an eventual meltdown. That definitely sounds better than a Red Ring of Death seemingly appearing out of nowhere.

  • patrick47018
    So it has heat problems, and he weaker console will become even weaker to cope with the hear... That's sad.. O well, I'll just stick with PC and get a PS4 for the exclusives when I can get a good deal on one
    Reply
  • bigshootr8
    Should of placed some NF-12's in xbone :P
    Reply
  • lpedraja2002
    Where in the article is it mentioned that it is a heat problem? They're just saying they'll have remedies in case temps get too high, not everyone play or live in a cool climate so this is a good solution. Also, every piece of hardware will get pretty hot when crammed in such a small enclosure, be it PC or PS4.
    Reply
  • adamsunderwood
    This isn't really anything new... CPU's and GPU's have had this sort of functionality for quite some time.
    Reply
  • bluestar2k11
    I hope I'm just reading the article wrong, and the console will kick the fan to max speed before it decides to drop the power usage. i would think that would be the more appropriate order.

    With current computing designs, there's no way to keep high performance and lower the power use from it's previous norm. In order to drop power you have to downclock the system. Which will likely suspend or boot you out of the game, because it's unlikely to be able to keep playing at a high enough frame rate to, well, play.

    The only other exception is if the game doesn't already use enough of the system, in which case it could likely downclock and keep you in the game, if it's able to dynamically adjust that much, otherwise it will likely suspend the game until temps reach safe levels for a defined period of time.
    Reply
  • alextheblue
    The article is talking about ways it prevents overheating. It doesn't say anywhere that it has heat issues. Given the lower thermal envelope, I'll guarantee it stays nice and cool in all but the most hostile conditions.
    Reply
  • shikamaru31789
    Nowhere in this article does it suggest that the One will overheat. This is just an insurance measure, to make sure that there are no Red Ring like failures this time. Considering the Xbox One has a large open air design case with vents on half of the top, both sides, and the back, a pretty big fan covering the SoC, and no internal power supply generating extra heat, I don't think we need to worry about overheating, not even after the small graphics core clock increase, not unless you have your One on a very tight closed-in shelf, which would be your own fault.

    If anything is going to overheat, it'll be the PS4, it's 50% smaller than the One, it only has vents on the back and very tiny vent under a lip on one side, and it has an internal power supply generating extra heat inside the case.
    Reply
  • Zaxx420
    Pretty necessary when you are using fan cooling and claim that the hardware will last 10 years. Once the fan dies, the processor will be permanently throttled...I give it 5 years tops. I'd love to find 10 year fans for my rig...lol
    Reply
  • hakesterman
    The xbox 360 slim has a monitoring system in it, but it doesn't work very well at all. The Slim's fan runs so slow that heat builds up right from the get go. MS. just doesn't get it when it comes to keeping the inside of the system cool, they are always on the edge of a compete meltdown. A person shouldn't have to do fan mods on their consoles to save it from Red Death right out of the box. MS. Needs to wake up.
    Reply
  • hakesterman
    The xbox 360 slim has a monitoring system in it, but it doesn't work very well at all. The Slim's fan runs so slow that heat builds up right from the get go. MS. just doesn't get it when it comes to keeping the inside of the system cool, they are always on the edge of a compete meltdown. A person shouldn't have to do fan mods on their consoles to save it from Red Death right out of the box. MS. Needs to wake up.
    Reply