It was only a matter of time before Pandora's limitless fountain of music would dry up to a mere trickle, at least for mobile users anyway. The company said on Wednesday that it will introduce a mobile cap starting March 1 (opens in new tab), limiting usage to a mere 40 hours per month. This move will mostly effect those that listen to the service for more than an hour on their smartphone or tablet each day.
"Most of you reading this will never hit the limit. In fact, it will affect less than 4-percent of our total monthly active listeners," said Pandora founder Tim Westergren. "For perspective, the average listener spends approximately 20 hours listening to Pandora across all devices in any given month."
He goes on to admit that the listening cap is "very contrary" to Pandora's mission to provide customized online radio for all. However he pointed a finger at the greedy music industry, the same entity that forced MTV to abandon 24-hour music video broadcasting, claiming that per-track royalty rates have increased more than 25-percent over the last three years.
Adding to that, he said rates will climb another 9-percent in 2013 alone and will likely increase another 16-percent over the next two years. The only way Pandora can handle the escalating costs is to reduce mobile unlimited streaming to 40 hours per month while maintaining minimal listener disruption (aka no large chunks of advertisements).
Of course, there will be Pandora users who hit that 40-hour-per-month cap. To keep the music flowing, users can (1) listen to an unlimited stream from their PC or Mac, (2) pay a mere $0.99 for the remainder of the month, or (3) subscribe to Pandora One for unlimited listening and no advertising at $3.99 per month.
"In short, this is an effort to balance the reality of increasing royalty costs with our desire to maximize access to free listening on Pandora," Westergren said. "We will be sure to alert any of our listeners that start getting close to the 40 hour limit."
Spin points out that Pandora is a publicly traded company, and has a "fiduciary duty" to create value for shareholders. Musicians create the raw materials but Pandora brings them to the audience in a legal way after an era of rampant illegal fire-sharing that nearly crippled the entertainment industry. That said, how much should the record labels pocket and how much should the giant investment firms that hold the bulk of Pandora's stock retain?
Naturally Westergren wants to see stockholders with budging pockets of cash. He recently told The Heritage Foundation that Pandora and similar business are struggling against "discriminatory" laws that force them to pay higher royalties. He said businesses aren't looking to pay "as little as we can", acknowledging that musicians have bills to pay too, but they also want something that is fair.
Pandora, whose clock is ticking as rates continue to rise, wants Washington to rewrite the royalties rules in a way that makes internet radio streaming more financially manageable. To spread the word, Westergren is on a makeshift nationwide speaking tour which landed him at The Heritage Foundation’s regular Blogger Briefing on Tuesday.
Naturally the RIAA opposes a rewrite, saying that a change in the rate structure could significantly limit artist compensation given Pandora's market share. But Westergren disagrees, saying that lower royalties will allow internet radio to flourish and offer musicians a greater opportunity to generate revenue. He's so sure of this method that he's willing to make donations to a number of lawmakers who are sympathetic to Pandora's cause.
For now, on a consumer level, listeners are forced to suffer a limitation on their mobile devices as a result on the industry's greed. Maybe one day in the future Pandora will have struck a nerve and rates will be more manageable, meaning more music for music lovers. Continuously hiking royalty fees only compounds the piracy issue, not help it.