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IPCop Linux Firewall

Installation Wrap-up

We're just about done and just need to assign "root" and "admin" user passwords. The "root" user has practically unlimited access and privileges on a Linux system. This is the user name you will need whenever you want to log onto the command shell, to install additional software for example. The "admin" user, on the other hand, only has full access to the Web front end. This user can change the DHCP server configuration, port forwarding settings, initialize connections, update IPCop, and restart the router.

Congratulations! Installation is complete! If you wish, you can now turn off the system and disconnect the CD-ROM, as it is no longer needed. As an additional benefit, the system will boot faster and draw less power.

Important! During this next reboot, do not forget to enter the BIOS setup program and change the boot sequence, so that the system will start up properly from the hard drive.

Figure 19: IPCop's Welcome Screen

The next time you power up the system, you will be greeted by the Grub boot manager (Figure 19) which allows you to select your startup options. There are four options available. The first is the normal IPCop configuration; next we have IPCop SMP for multiprocessor machines, Pentium 4 systems with hyper-threading or dual-core machines. For newer machines, IPCop also offers these two options with ACPI support. This option only has to be selected once; IPCop will remember the setting and apply it each subsequent time the system is booted.

If the login screen (Figure 20) appears after the system has finished booting, then all is well. The monitor and keyboard are no longer required and can be disconnected.

Figure 20: Login screen

Note that if you do remove the I/O devices, we recommend connecting the case's PC speaker to the motherboard. This gives you a certain amount of feedback on the system's operation. A beep will inform you when the system is ready for use or when it establishes or closes an Internet connection. Also note that if the system hangs during the boot process after the keyboard is removed, this means the PC is objecting to being powered up without it. The option Halt on: No Error or All But Keyboard should be activated in the BIOS.