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America Not As Paranoid As Online Privacy Survey Suggests

By - Source: Tom's Guide US | B 10 comments

The majority of American Internet users don't want the whole world knowing what they do online, according to the results of a Pew Internet and American Life survey released today (Sept. 5).

That's not surprising, but some of the specific assertions in the Pew report are, such as the finding that "86 percent of Internet users have taken steps online to remove or mask their digital footprints — ranging from clearing cookies to encrypting their email."

Frankly, it'd be amazing if 86 percent of Internet users knew how to create and properly use decent passwords, never mind know how to clear cookies or use encrypted email. 

"We didn't do the best job describing how we compiled that figure," Pew Internet and American Life Project Director Lee Rainie wrote in an email to Tom's Guide. "It was anybody who said 'yes' to ANY of those masking behaviors" (which also included avoiding real names).

Another finding, stating that "55 percent of Internet users have taken steps to avoid observation by specific people, organizations, or the government," may also be misleading. That percentage seems to be the sum of affirmative responses to several different questions.

MORE: Email Encryption: Worth the Trouble?

A breakdown of the survey questions and responses reveals more mundane and predictable results.

Only 14 percent of self-described Internet users said they had "used a service that allows you to browse the Web anonymously, such as a proxy server, Tor software or a virtual personal network."

Fourteen percent of self-described Internet users responded "yes" to a similar question about whether they'd ever "encrypted [their] communications while [they] used the Internet."

Only 81 percent of the 1,002 adult residents of the continental United States who responded to the survey described themselves as Internet users, reducing that tech-savvy 14 percent to 11 percent of the overall response.

Sixty-four percent of Internet users and smartphone owners (59 percent of all respondents) said they had "cleared cookies and browser history while [they] used the Internet."

That still sounds like a big chunk of the population, but when non-Internet users are factored in, that tech-savvy two-thirds drops to 52 percent, barely more than half.

MORE: 7 Ways to Lock Down Your Online Privacy

"I think it surely is legitimate for you to point out that the majority of those folks took simple steps like clearing their browser history," Rainie told us, "and only a modest share of them were really doing relatively sophisticated things."

Are a lot of those history-clearers simply trying to keep their porn surfing secret? Maybe not — only 14 percent of Internet users admitted to trying to keep "family members or a romantic partner from being able to see what [they had] read, watched or posted online."

Nineteen percent said they'd tried to keep "certain friends" from seeing what they'd done online and 11 percent said they'd tried to keep such things from "an employer, supervisor, or coworkers."

Even smaller percentages admitted trying to skirt laws while online — only 6 percent said they'd tried to keep their activities secret from "companies or people that might want payment for the files [they] download," while only 4 percent said they'd tried to keep law enforcement in the dark.

There is one puzzling response — 41 percent of Internet users said they'd set their browsers to "disable or turn off cookies." That could simply be a measure of how many users know what cookies are at all.

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  • 7 Hide
    SoiledBottom , September 5, 2013 1:47 PM
    America Not As Paranoid As Online Privacy Survey Suggests......Yeah thats what they want us to believe.
  • 4 Hide
    LORD_ORION , September 5, 2013 2:01 PM
    All of this NSA bullcrap is going to harm US cloud businesses.

    If you have any information that can be monetized, better not connect it to the web, just to make sure.
  • 7 Hide
    kenyee , September 5, 2013 2:07 PM
    How would they know America isn't paranoid after all the NSA stuff? What makes you think a paranoid person would give a survey truthful answers? ;-)
  • 4 Hide
    sykozis , September 5, 2013 2:24 PM
    How exactly do they draw conclusions as to the general public off of 1002 responses to a survey? That's less than 1% of the US population and too small a sample to make an assumption as to what even 1 city thinks......
  • 0 Hide
    rwinches , September 5, 2013 10:12 PM
    Sorry 1000 respondents does not cut it anymore (if it ever did).
    Frankly making no comment, anywhere, on this topic seems prudent.
  • 2 Hide
    agnickolov , September 5, 2013 10:16 PM
    VPN = Virtual Private Network, not Personal
  • 2 Hide
    Anonymous , September 6, 2013 4:23 AM
    The irony here is that by not answering truthfully (and helping to produce some of these results), they actually show how paranoid they really are.
  • -1 Hide
    classzero , September 6, 2013 5:16 AM
    I call BS
  • 1 Hide
    gggplaya , September 6, 2013 6:36 AM
    reply @ Sykozis

    That's exactly how the media and government operate. When they want to up play or down play a situation to suit their side of the arguement. They'll sample less or more people accordingly and word the questions in such a way to give more or less percentage to their cause.

    For example, Obama recently heavily touted 40% of guns sold do not go through a background check. That was from a study done in 1993 just after background checks were implemented. The sample size was something like 250 people, yes only 250 people. And the question was "do you know if your firearms dealer had an FFL license?". That's like asking if i know if my mechanic is ASE certified, i would assume so, but i'm not really sure. Yet he wants to use this small misrepresentative study to make pivotal changes to the constitution.

    The NSA is no different. They want to continue infringing on the 4th amendment, knowing full well they are dancing over the line and getting away with whatever they can. So yes, some groups will seek to discredit any study going against the NSA. But in the end, i believe that most given the option wouldn't want their "meta data" in a database to be searched and prodded.
  • 0 Hide
    wysir , September 6, 2013 6:46 AM
    I'm in progress of closing all my 'free' email accounts and starting my own private email server for family, friends and myself to use. Planning to add encryption to the server as well.

    I don't have anything to hide, but screw them for collecting my data without a court-ordered warrant.
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