Yes, you can move songs out of Google Play Music, but what you can do with those tracks depends on how those songs wound up in the app. Music uploaded using Google Play Music Manager can be downloaded and played, but songs from the Google Play Music library contain Digital Rights Management (DRM) protection, which means they cannot be opened outside of the app.
If you still want to pull songs off your phone, you're gonna need some tools. First, since no Android phone (and you can't do anything close to this on an iPhone) offers an SD card, you're going to need a microSD card and a microSD-to-SD card adapter.
After inserting your microSD card into your phone's microSD tray, open the Google Play Music app and tap the Menu icon at the top-right corner of the screen. Next, hit Settings, then storage location, and select the External storage option, which is your microSD card. Now, select the three-dots icon next to the songs you want to save, and watch the progress circles fill as the tracks download. Only save the songs you need; this gets more complicated if you've added more songs to your device.
Now, eject the tray from your phone, pop your microSD card into the SD card adapter and place that inside your PC. In Windows Explorer, navigate to the SD card (ours is named "SDHC D:"), open the Android folder, and open the folder named "data."
Next, open "com.google.android.music," and access the folder named "files." Then open the folder in there named "music." Here, you'll see a giant stack of MP3 files with 5-digit-long names. Remember, you can open songs you uploaded to Google Play Music, but you can't use any other songs.
It's worth noting that this also works for Amazon Prime Music, but that service also protects its files with DRM. But, if you ever bought a CD from Amazon, those tracks can be downloaded, and Amazon makes them easier to use by giving them relatively complete metadata including Artist, Album and Song Title information. Those tracks are under D://Android/media/com.amazon.mp3/
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Credit: Tom's Guide